Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
This type of maintenance cleaning comes after a “deep cleaning”. The bacteria that causes periodontal disease has shown to start doing destruction to bone and gum tissue around every 90 days. Periodontal maintenance patients come for their dental hygiene visits every 3 months to maintain stable oral health.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition